Friday, January 30, 2015

1948 - Mahatma Gandhi assassinated


January 30, 1948

Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated on January 30, 1948, shot by Nathuram Godse. Gandhi was outside on the steps of a building where a prayer meeting was going to take place. He was surrounded by a part of his family and some followers when three gunshots killed him. Prior to his death, there had been five unsuccessful attempts to kill Gandhi.

Gandhi's death came just months after the realization of his long sought after goal the independence of India from Great Britain. Along with India's independence came the partitioning of the sub-continent into two separate states Muslim based Pakistan and Hindu based India an action he opposed.

Gandhi Dead British Pathé



1774 - Captain Cook reaches 71°10' south, 1820km from south pole (record)

1781 - Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland

1800 - US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)

1835 - Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington DC in 1st attempted assassination of a US President

1836 - Betsy Ross, dead, seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag (b. 1752)

1862 - USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched

1882 - Franklin Roosevelt, born New Hyde Park NY, 32nd US President

1902 - Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea

1933 - Adolf Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen

1943 - USS Chicago sunk by Japanese aerial torpedoes in the Battle of Rennell Island

1945 - "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die

1946Orville Wright, US aviation pioneer, dies at 76

1956 - Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed

1964 - Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam

1965 - State funeral of Sir Winston Churchill at St Paul's Cathedral, London - largest state funeral ever

1968 - Vietcong launches Tet offensive on US embassy in Saigon

1972 - 'Bloody Sunday': 27 unarmed civilians are shot (of whom 14 were killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry

1976 - William E Colby, ends term as 10th director of CIA

1976 - George H W Bush becomes 11th director of CIA (until 1977)

2003 - Richard Reid sentenced to life in prison for attempting to bomb an American Airlines flight with 197 on board

2013 - Patty Andrews, American singer (Andrews Sisters), dies at 94

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